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  • Writer's pictureSieracki Milosz

Global Economic Update - December 1, 2023 | Market Trends & Analysis

Market Trends & Analysis
Understanding the Global Economic Landscape: December 1 Update

As we delve into the significant events that transpired on December 1, 2023, it's essential to grasp the nuances of the financial markets and their potential impact on various currencies, commodities, and investments.

Asian Markets: A Mixed Bag

Despite a robust performance on Wall Street overnight, Asian stocks experienced a mixed day on December 1. One of the standout indicators was China's Caixin Manufacturing PMI, which unexpectedly expanded to 50.7 in November. While this was a positive development, it failed to generate significant enthusiasm in the markets. The sluggish factory activity in other key Asian regions, attributed to weak global demand, cast a shadow over the overall sentiment.

US S&P 500 Futures: Awaiting Fed's Move

The US S&P 500 futures remained relatively muted on December 1 as investors closely monitored expectations regarding a potential interest rate cut by the US Federal Reserve (Fed). One of the pivotal factors affecting these expectations was the release of the US Core Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Price index, which rose at an annual pace of 3.0% in October. This figure marked a cooling-off from the preceding three-month run of 3.4% readings. On a monthly basis, the Core PCE inflation showed no growth in November, falling short of a 0.1% increase forecasted and down from the 0.4% recorded in September


John Williams' Perspective

New York Fed Bank President John Williams provided valuable insight when he stated, "In balancing the risks of too-high inflation and a weaker economy, and based on what I know now, my assessment is that we are at, or near, the peak level of the target range of the federal funds rate." This observation emphasized the Fed's concerns about inflation, reinforcing expectations of a dovish stance.

Dollar's Rollercoaster Ride

The falling inflation rate in the US bolstered expectations of a more dovish Fed, which, in turn, influenced the performance of the US Dollar. The currency returned to the red zone, accompanied by declining US Treasury bond yields, as the initial rebound fueled by end-of-the-month short covering subsided. This shift in sentiment led to increased speculation in the markets.

FedWatch Tool's Insight

Market participants are currently pricing in a 48% chance of a rate cut by the Fed in March of the following year. This represents a significant increase from the 22% chance estimated just a week earlier, as indicated by the CME Group's FedWatch tool. Such shifts in market sentiment highlight the importance of staying attuned to evolving economic indicators and central bank actions.

US Dollar Index and Treasury Bond Yields

At the time of writing, the US Dollar Index is hovering around 103.20, consolidating its weekly losses. Concurrently, the benchmark 10-year US Treasury bond yields are stabilizing near 4.33%. These levels underscore the cautious sentiment prevailing in the market, as investors closely monitor the Fed's actions and statements.

Powell's Upcoming Speeches

All eyes are now fixed on Fed Chair Jerome Powell's dual appearances later in the American trading session. Powell is scheduled to speak at 16 GMT and 19 GMT at separate events organized by Spelman College in Georgia. These speeches are of paramount importance, as they are expected to provide fresh insights into the central bank's future actions regarding interest rates. This event marks Powell's last public appearance before the December 12-13 policy meeting, as the Fed enters its 'blackout period".

US ISM Manufacturing PMI

Furthermore, the US ISM Manufacturing PMI data is set to be published during the US session, contributing to fresh US Dollar valuations. This data release adds another layer of complexity to the evolving economic landscape.

Currency Market Dynamics

In the midst of these developments, most major currencies are benefiting from the renewed weakness of the US Dollar. Among them, the Euro (EUR) stands out as particularly strong, trading above 1.0900. Earlier in the week, the EUR/USD pair had experienced a dip, reaching fresh six-day lows at 1.0879. This decline was attributed to growing expectations of an interest rate cut by the European Central Bank (ECB), fueled by softer Eurozone inflation data. Traders are now looking ahead to the final Eurozone Manufacturing PMI, which is due later in the day, as well as ECB President Christine Lagarde's upcoming speech.

Sterling's Resilience

Meanwhile, the British Pound (GBP) is rebounding toward 1.2650, finding support amidst hawkish commentary from the Bank of England (BoE). BoE's hawkish dissenter, Megan Greene, emphasized, "...the policy may have to be restrictive for an extended period of time to return inflation to 2% over the medium term." Although the UK S&P Global final Manufacturing PMI data is anticipated, it is unlikely to exert significant influence on the Pound Sterling.

Antipodean Currencies

In contrast, the Antipodean currencies, including the Australian Dollar (AUD) and New Zealand Dollar (NZD), have failed to garner inspiration from strong Chinese Caixin PMI data and the broadly weaker US Dollar. A cautious market mood appears to be damping enthusiasm, with AUD/USD challenging the 0.6600 level and NZD/USD trading relatively flat near 0.6150.

Japanese Yen and Canadian Dollar

The Japanese Yen (JPY) is experiencing a partial reversal of its weekly gain against the US Dollar, with USD/JPY climbing back above 148.00. Meanwhile, USD/CAD is holding near 1.3550, awaiting top-tier Canadian employment data for further direction.

Oil Market Developments

Turning to the commodities market, WTI crude oil is on the path to recovery, approaching $76 per barrel. This rebound comes on the heels of disappointment stemming from the OPEC+ decision. Saudi Arabia, Russia, and other OPEC+ members agreed to voluntary output cuts for the first quarter of 2024. However, it's worth noting that Angola rejected a new output quota assigned by the alliance, adding complexity to the oil market dynamics.

Silver's Trajectory

Shifting our attention to precious metals, Silver (XAG/USD) recently retreated from the mid-$25.00s, a level it hadn't seen in nearly seven months. Despite this retreat, Silver continues to hold above the psychologically significant $25.00 mark. The white metal seems poised to sustain its upward trajectory, which has been observed over the past three weeks


Gold's Ascent

Finally, the price of Gold is inching closer to the $2,050 mark, underpinned by dovish expectations regarding the Fed's actions. Gold remains an asset of interest for investors seeking a safe haven in times of uncertainty.

In conclusion, staying informed about global economic events and their potential impact on financial markets is essential for investors and traders alike. The intricate interplay of economic indicators, central bank actions, and geopolitical developments underscores

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